Communist Party of Czechoslovakia
- Established in 1921, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Komunistická strana Èeskoslovenská—KSÈ) ruled over the Socialist Republic of Czechoslovakia from its inception in 1948. Staunch proponents of Marxism–Leninism, the KSÈ advocated democratic centralism and under Stalinist leader Klement Gottwald developed into a carbon copy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The KSÈ built for itself a political monopoly and obliterated the separation between party and state, meaning its ideas became governmental policies. However, reformist tendencies within the party persisted, and the leadership of Alexander Dubcek brought economic and civil reforms as embodied in the 1968 Prague Spring and Dubcek’s “socialism with a human face.” The crushing of the Prague Spring by the Red Army curtailed this reformism and Dubcek’s 1969 successor, Gustáv Husák, took the party through a period of “normalization” in which reforms were diluted and hardliners within the KSÈ leadership were able to assert their hostility toward tolerance of dissent. Opposition groups, though, were able to continue their activities, and by 1989 the ground swell of popular discord made the KSÈ government’s position untenable. Though it continued as a party after the “Velvet Revolution” of that year, the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in December 1992 spelt the end of the KSÈ. The party split into two successor organizations, the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in the Czech Republic, and the Party of the Democratic Left in Slovakia.
Historical dictionary of Marxism. David Walker and Daniel Gray . 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia — Komunistická strana Československa First leader Different people Last leader Ladislav Adamec Founded 14 16 May 1921 Dissolved … Wikipedia
Communist regime in Czechoslovakia — History of Czechoslovakia This article is part of a series Origins … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia — Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy Leader Vojtěch Filip … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Slovakia (1939) — The Communist Party of Slovakia (Slovak: Komunistická strana Slovenska KSS) was a communist party in Slovakia. It was formed in March 1939, when the Slovak Republic was created, as the Slovak branches of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Slovakia — For the old party with the same name, see Communist Party of Slovakia (1939). Communist Party of Slovakia Komunistická strana Slovenska Leader Jozef Hrdlička Founded … Wikipedia
Communist party (disambiguation) — Contents 1 All Union 2 Bolsheviks 3 Central, Centre 3.1 Chin … Wikipedia
Communist Party of the Soviet Union — CPSU redirects here. For other uses, see CPSU (disambiguation). All Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) redirects here. For other uses, see All Union Communist Party (disambiguation). KPSS redirects here. For the Statistical test, see KPSS test.… … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Austria — Kommunistische Partei Österreichs Leader Joint leadership of Melina Klaus and Mirko Messner Founded November 3, 1918 … Wikipedia
Communist Party of Norway — Norges Kommunistiske Parti Leader Svend Haakon Jacobsen Founded … Wikipedia
Communist Party of China — 中国共产党 Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng The emblem of the Communist Party of China. General Secretary Hu Jintao … Wikipedia